Comparative and International Political Economy of Development
My research lies within the realm of international and comparative political economy of development. The following introduces my first book, China’s Regulatory State: A New Strategy for Globalization, and describes my current research agenda.
China’s Regulatory State: A New Strategy for Globalization
My first book, China’s Regulatory State: A New Strategy for Globalization (Cornell University Press, Cornell Studies in Political Economy, 2011) investigates how state agency, structural and institutional arrangements, and economic internationalization shape the politics of market reform, regulatory change and government-business relations across industrial sectors in China. It also compares China’s distinctive strategy of global integration to the newly industrialized countries of East Asia during a similar stage of development and to China’s post-communist counterparts. The empirical basis for this project includes in-depth fieldwork across industrial sectors, companies, localities, levels of government, and bureaucracies in China. It also reports findings from fieldwork conducted in Japan and Taiwan.
The Politics of Market Liberalization and the Rise of Sectoral Reregulation
Expanding the comparative scope of my first book's sectoral studies, an article in Comparative Political Studies (January 2012) examines China and India's different paths toward globalization by investigating sectoral variation in reregulation since Big Bang liberalization of the 1990s. Moreover, a forthcoming article, in Review of Policy Research, examines the design and implementation of China's policy toward foreign direct investment in telecommunications, including analysis on developmental and security-oriented goals and domestic institutional and geopolitical implications. This research program also investigates the evolving relationship between government, business, and the international economy across industrial sectors in Russia, from the breakdown of the Soviet Union to the political centralization since the Putin era.
Comparative Capitalism of Developing Nations in the 21st Century
My article (early view March 2015) in Governance on "State Capitalism, Chinese style" examines the coordination and property rights dimensions of market governance, applying the conceptualization to understand sectoral variation in Chinese style capitalism.
My second book in progress, Micro-institutional Foundations of Capitalism: The Globalization of China, India, and Russia uncovers the structural impact of institutional arrangements and sectoral characteristics ignored in prevailing interest-based assumptions of open economy politics, and explores the ideational and value laden beliefs motivating market governance structures. In-depth case studies of telecommunications and textiles, structurally and institutionally disparate sectors, in China, India, and Russia, developing countries of comparable size and level of development that underwent Big Bang liberalization in the 1990s, reveal the causal mechanisms that link the hypothesized ideational, institutional, and structural factors to market governance and sectoral development.
China, Global Governance, and Development
Chinese telecommunications companies, with the assistance of Chinese financial institutions and diplomatic backing, have successfully secured contracts to build infrastructure and wire developing countries. The practical implications for economic development are important. But also important are the theoretical implications: what, for instance, is the relevance of such South-South linkages for how we think about globalization and the state and globalization and development outcomes? What impact does China’s growing presence have on the relationship between state-building and market-building in developing countries with traditionally weak regulatory capacity? How does China’s increasing influence affect existing state-society relations? This study at the sectoral and company-level investigates the growing presence of Chinese telecommunications equipment makers and service providers and their impact on development in Africa and the Middle East.
Conceptualizing Social Control in China: What Explains It and How Does it Vary
To achieve state goals and retain political stability, the Chinese state manages the social ramifications of economic liberalization by recalibrating labor laws and social policy. How does social control and it impact on political legitimacy and regime stability vary across industries and issue areas? In-depth fieldwork examines the implications of information control via state ownership and management of telecommunications basic services; as well as the evolving and varying relationship between employer and worker in structurally and institutionally distinct industries.